The poetical works of Erasmus Darwin, M. In three volumes. Johnson, St.
Paul's Church-Yard. London : Printed for J. Paul's Church-Yard, by T. Bensley, Bolt Court, Fleet Street.
Subjects Botany -- Poetry. Natural history -- Poetry. Portland Vase. View all subjects More like this Similar Items. Allow this favorite library to be seen by others Keep this favorite library private. Find a copy in the library Finding libraries that hold this item Poetical works of Erasmus Darwin London, Printed for J. Poetical works of Erasmus Darwin, M.
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Linked Data More info about Linked Data. Containing the economy of vegetation. Containing the loves of the plants. Containing the temple of nature. Johnson " ;. All rights reserved.
Each volume has an engraved frontispiece, with vol. Frontispiece to vol. Instructions to the binder regarding the positioning of the plates at foot of final page of vols.
At foot of leaf 2G4v of vol. At foot of leaf U2v of vol. At foot of leaf 2B3r of vol. The additional notes at the end of vol.
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Chemist Joseph Priestly joined the group in , and his experiments, according to King-Hele, "gave the meetings a chemical focus. Active in the Cathedral Close literary circle in Lichfield, Darwin later gained considerable literary fame as a poet during the early s. At the height of his fame he was ranked with such significant literary figures as poet John Milton, and in Samuel Taylor Coleridge called Darwin "the first literary character in Europe, and the most original-minded Man. Among his most recognizable works is The Botanic Garden, which was inspired by his translations of the botanical writings of Swedish botanist Linnaeus into English.
The work, which began as a rendering of Linnaeus's botanical catalog in rhyming couplets, reveals Darwin's early acceptance of Continental developments in chemistry that had not yet gained approval among leading English intellectuals. Published in two parts as The Loves of the Plants in and The Economy of Vegetation in , the poem is also notable for introducing such terms as "oxygen," "hydrogen," "convoluted," "iridescent," and "frenzied" into the English language.
While King-Hele himself has described Darwin's verse as "smooth and skillful," in the Dictionary of Literary Biography he quoted the contemporary opinions of such notable commentators as William Cowper and Horace Walpole. Cowper, in the Analytical Review of May , assessed Darwin's couplets as having "a boldness of projection … unattainable by any hand but that of a master," while Walpole, in private correspondence dated April , hailed Darwin's work as "the most delicious poem upon earth.
In a similar fashion, Darwin's The Temple of Nature traces the development of life and offers his views on evolutionary theory. Posthumously published in , the work had originally been called The Origin of Society, a title the publisher considered too inflammatory as it could be construed as antireligious.
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In the work Darwin held that all life originated in the sea and can be traced back to a single common ancestor. He also outlined how species diversified in response to environmental factors. Many of Darwin's ideas on evolutionary theory were earlier discussed in the treatise Zoomania, or, the Laws of Organic Life, published in two volumes in and Containing an outline of Darwin's extensive medical knowledge, the first volume considers a number of biological and medical subjects, including sleep and instinct, and offers a discussion of evolutionary principles.
Darwin investigated such aspects of the problem as how organisms pass through transitional stages, how sexual competition impacts the development of species, and how one species can give rise to another. In the second volume of Zoomania Darwin classified diseases and recommended methods of treatment for each. Darwin's chief contributions to the development of life science are perhaps found in his relationship to the advancement of evolutionary theory, in particular to that of his grandson Charles Darwin, and in his participation in the Lunar Society, a group which fostered many of the leading scientific minds of the era.
According to King-Hele, "Darwin celebrated the idea of progress via the march of science and technology. He was the laureate of the Industrial Revolution, glorifying the entrepreneurs and engineers … [a]nd ignoring the grief and grime of the factories. Read has credited Darwin with repositioning psychology in the sciences, driven in part by his view that all mental states derive from the motion of particles in the brain.
As a poet, too, Darwin's influence was significant. His presentation of a humanity integrated with nature influenced the Romantic poets William Blake, William Wordsworth, and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, among others.
Books by Darwin, Erasmus (sorted by popularity) - Project Gutenberg